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|Dimensions||45 × 35 × 16 mm|
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Queen of George IV.,Caroline lived in great disfavour with the crown after the birth of her daughter. She was tried for her relations with her Italian courtier, Louis Bergami. Attempts to pass a bill divorcing her from the King were unsuccessful.
A few scuffs to boards, moderate rubbing with some wear to extremities, front hinge cracked but secure, rear board partially detached at ends but secure. Toning to text and occasional light foxing and dampstaining, interio rotherwise clean. Unique. The repudiation of Queen Caroline by King George IV was one of the most sensational trials in English history. Estranged soon after their marriage, Caroline was eventually banished to a private residence after the birth of her daughter, Princess Charlotte Augusta. In 1814 Caroline moved to Europe. In 1820 he husbands accession to the throne brought her back to Britain. The King asked his ministers to get rid of her. After she refused a monetary offer, the Earl of Liverpool introduced The Pains and Penalties Bill in Parliament in order to strip Caroline of the title of Queen Consort and dissolve her marriage. (The bill alleged that Caroline had an affair with a commoner, Bartolomeo Bergami.
A Bill entitled an Act to deprive her Majesty, Caroline Amelia, Elizabeth of the Title, Prerogatives, Rights, Privileges, and Exemptions, of Queen Consort of this Realm, and to resolve the Marriage between his Majesty, and the said Caroline Amelia Elizabeth. Whereas, in the year 1814, her Majesty, then Princess of Wales, and now Queen Consort of this Realm, being at Milan, in Italy, engaged in her service, one Bartolomo Pergami, otherwise Bartolomo Bergami. Subuquetly, gave him many marks of favours, and obtained for him orders of knighthood and titles of honour, and conferred upon him a pretended order of knighthood, which her Royal Highness had taken upon herself to constitute without any just or lawful authority; and whereas, also her said Royal Highness, whilst the said Bartolomo Pergami, (Bergami) was in her said service, further unmindful of her exalted rank and station, and of her duty to your Majesty, and wholly regardless of her own honour and character, conducted herself towards the said Bartolomo Pergami, (Bergami), and in other respects, both in public and private, in the various places and countries which her Royal Highness visited, with indecent and offensive familiarity and freedom, and carried on a licentious, disgraceful, and adulterous intercourse with the said Bartolomo Pergami, (Bergami), which continued for a long period of time during her Royal Highnesss residence abroad, by which conduct of her said Royal Highness, great scandal and dishonour have been brought upon your Majestys family and this kingdom. Therefore, to manifest our deep sense of such scandalous, disgraceful and vicious conduct, on the part of her said Majesty, by which she has violated the duty which she owed to your Majesty, and has rendered herself unworthy of the exalted rank and station of Queen Consort of this Realm, and to evince our just regard for the dignity of the Crown, and the honour of this nation, we your Majestys most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Commons in Parliament assembled, do humbly entreat your Majesty that it may be enacted, and be it enacted by the Kings most excellent Majesty, and by and with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, that her said Majesty, Caroline Amelia Elizabeth, from and after the passing of this Act, shall be, and is hereby deprived of the title of Queen, and of all the prerogatives, rights, privileges, and exemptions, appertaining to her as Queen Consort of this Realm : and that her said Majesty shall, from and after the passing of this Act, forever be disabled, and rendered incapable of using, exercising, and enjoying the same, or any of them : and moreover, that the marriage.